Macular Degeneration Prevention

Although macular degeneration prevention is possible, there isn’t a foolproof method of avoiding the disease.  There are, however, steps you can take to help reduce your risk.
Pay special attention to prevention if you already have a diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or if the disease runs in your family. AMD is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss among people older than 60 years of age.  In time, a person with macular degeneration may find it difficult or impossible to read, drive or recognize familiar faces.
Guidelines to help prevent or slow the progression of AMD:
* Don’t smoke.  If you smoke, try to cut down.
* Eat plenty of dark, leafy green vegetables, such as raw spinach.
* Ask your eye doctor if one of the AREDS2 vitamin formulations is right for you.
* Eat fish or take a fish oil supplement.
* Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.
* Eat fruits and nuts daily.
* Reduce your intake of refined carbohydrates.
* Work with your medical doctor to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
* Wear appropriate sunglasses outdoors to block UV rays that may cause eye damage.
* Schedule regular eye exams.
If you are strongly genetically predisposed to develop macular degeneration, it may still progress. Regular eye exams can help your eye doctor detect AMD early and monitor it so that you can receive proper AMD treatment as soon as you need it.
Established in 1977, Carolina Eye Associates is one of the largest eye care facilities in the Southeast.  The practice provides a full range of first-rate medical and surgical eye care services.  For more information on macular degeneration and other services offered by Carolina Eye, call (800) 733-5357 or visit

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